Caring for a cat with asthma Feline asthma

Caring for a cat with asthma Feline asthma

It’s important that you attend all follow-up visits with your vet to ensure a speedy recovery without complications. We performed a CT scan which revealed a large mediastinal mass (middle of the chest) which was wrapping around the trachea and bronchi (airways), but which also seemed to have infiltrated the left lungs. Sooty is an 18- year-old male neutered cat who was presented to our medical oncology service team at for further investigation of a mass within his chest. A GP may arrange some allergy tests or refer you to a specialist allergy clinic to have them.

  • They can determine what medication can be used, and what other systems must be considered.
  • X-rays may be required to diagnose the problem since ear examination may reveal only a normal outer ear canal.
  • Increased intracranial pressure with papilloedema in children (pseudotumour cerebri) -usually after treatment withdrawal.
  • This is a relatively expensive treatment, which has limited use but it remains as a possible alternative to corticosteroid use for dogs that do not tolerate corticosteroid side effects.

Over 90% of the prednisolone dose is excreted in the urine, with 7-30% as free prednisolone and the remainder being recovered as a variety of metabolites. Impaired carbohydrate intolerance with increased requirement for anti-diabetic therapy, manifestation of latent diabetes mellitus. Steroids may reduce the effects of anticholinesterases in myasthenia gravis and cholecystographic x-ray media. Prednisolone 10mg/ml Oral Solution contains sodium methyl parahydroxybenzoate and sodium propyl parahydroxybenzoate and may cause allergic reactions (possibly delayed).

Veterinary Exclusive

The virus passes from cat to cat in saliva, usually through biting in fights. Un-neutered male cats are considerably more at risk of getting FIV because a single bite may be enough to infect a cat. Medication is often administered through an inhaler, but can also be given in tablet or injection form.

  • Female cats are more prone to develop this disorder, and it can indicate potentially serious diseases.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups – say at six-monthly intervals – may be helpful.
  • It’s important that you attend all follow-up visits with your vet to ensure a speedy recovery without complications.
  • Sooty is still receiving chemotherapy and is now enjoying a much happier life at home.
  • Although incurable, it’s generally manageable with the right care and medication, and cats with the condition normally lead happy and active lives.
  • However, you should avoid handling steroids if you are pregnant or suspect that you may be pregnant.

Symptoms typically emerge within a few days or weeks of starting the treatment. Risks may be higher with high doses/systemic exposure (see also section 4.5), although dose levels do not allow prediction of the onset, type, severity or duration of reactions. Most adverse reactions resolve after either dose reduction or withdrawal of the medicine, although specific treatment may be necessary.

Further information – viruses and antibodies

The most vulnerable cats are those with weak defences against infectious diseases – kittens, elderly cats and those already suffering from some other condition. Some pedigree breeds such as Burmese appear to be affected more often than ordinary domestic ‘moggies’. Only about one in a hundred cats is likely to go down with the disease but the risk is much higher where several cats live together such as in a breeding cattery or rescue centre. Overcrowding and other stressful factors can increase the risk of disease developing.

This is due to staining of the mucous membranes or skin with bilirubin which gets released into the circulation when large numbers of red blood cells are destroyed. The patient may be breathing fast due to either the anaemia, or the formation of blood clots in the lungs, which is a common complication in patients with IMHA. Sometimes the disease is not as severe and the signs may be milder (e.g. lethargy).

Treatment for mild asthmatic cases involves administering steroids such as prednisolone possibly in combination with drugs to dilate the air passages. Antibiotics are useful if there is a secondary infectious bronchitis. Weight loss in obese cats is an important part of therapy and if possible avoidance of the allergens that may be causing the asthma such as dusty cat litter and cigarette smoke.

There is no evidence that corticosteroids result in an increased incidence of congenital abnormalities, such as cleft palate / lip in man. However, when administered for prolonged periods or repeatedly during pregnancy, corticosteroids may increase the risk of intrauterine growth retardation. Co-treatment with CYP3A inhibitors, including cobicistat-containing products, is expected to increase the risk of systemic side-effects. The combination should be avoided unless the benefit outweighs the increased risk of systemic corticosteroid side-effects, in which case patients should be monitored for systemic corticosteroid side-effects.

Systemic thromboembolism is a concern and often results in exacerbation of the heart failure. Lymphocytic-plasmacytic gingivitis is a common disease causing inflammation, ulceration, and proliferation of the soft tissues of the mouth. The area of the mouth most commonly affected is the back of the mouth around the entrance to the pharynx.

Human patients with LGI1-antibodies typically respond very well to immunotherapies, including corticosteroids and plasma exchange. In adults, the frequency of severe reactions has been estimated to be 5-6%. Psychological effects have been reported on withdrawal of corticosteroids; the frequency is unknown. Administration of corticosteroids to pregnant animals can cause abnormalities of foetal development including cleft palate, intra-uterine growth retardation and effects on brain growth and development.

Diseases of the eosinophilia granuloma complex are thought to be allergic manifestations. Less common manifestations include self-mutilation, foot chewing, and recurrent ear infections. Because of excessive licking, cats may have an increased number of hairballs or constipation caused by hair ingestion. Recent studies have indicated that FIV may not reduce a cat’s lifespan, and cats may live for many years after being infected.